Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can cause various blemishes, including pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. While acne is often associated with adolescence, it can occur at any age and significantly impact an individual’s self-esteem. In this article, we will explore the symptoms and causes of acne to provide a better understanding of this condition. See over here to choose the right acne treatment Dubai.

Symptoms of acne

Acne typically manifests as different types of skin blemishes. These can include:

  • Whiteheads: Small, flesh-colored bumps that are closed and appear as white or yellowish spots on the skin’s surface.
  • Blackheads: Open comedones that are dark in color due to the oxidation of melanin. They appear as small, raised bumps.
  • Papules: Small, red, and inflamed bumps tender to the touch.
  • Pustules: Similar to bumps, but with a white or yellowish center filled with pus.
  • Nodules: Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the skin’s surface.
  • Cysts: Deep, pus-filled, painful lesions that can cause scarring.

These symptoms can occur on the face, chest, back, shoulders, and neck, where the skin has a higher density of oil glands.

Causes of acne

Acne is primarily caused by a combination of factors that lead to the blockage and inflammation of hair follicles. Some common causes include:

Excess sebum production: Sebaceous glands in the skin produce an oily substance called sebum. When these glands produce too much sebum, it can clog the hair follicles, forming acne.

Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy, can increase sebum production. Hormonal imbalances can also stimulate the production of androgens, which contribute to acne development.

Bacterial infection: The presence of Propionibacterium acnes, a type of bacteria that naturally resides on the skin, can contribute to the development of acne. When hair follicles become clogged, these bacteria multiply, leading to inflammation and acne formation.

Dead skin cells: Shedding dead skin cells is a natural process. However, when these cells mix with sebum, they can accumulate in the hair follicles and block them, resulting in acne.

Genetic predisposition: Acne can run in families, suggesting a genetic component in its development. If your parents or siblings have a history of acne, you may also be more prone to developing it.

Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as pollution and high humidity, can exacerbate acne symptoms by clogging pores and increasing sebum production.